Does homework have other effects? Meanings of homework and implications for practice. A path analysis is an extension of a correlation in which a researcher statistically tests proposed links where the presence or absence of one or more factors may lead to certain events, statuses, or factors that then cause an outcome, such as student learning. This study employed structural equation modeling, a statistical technique for building and testing models of interacting among factors and outcomes. Of the studies that do exist, researchers have focused on the two most frequently reported purposes of homework:
Trautwein and Koller highlight several limitations of the research literature. Results from her study indicated that students who were assigned homework scored higher on vocabulary tests than those who were not. Some have argued that homework can increase the achievement gap between students from affluent and poor families. Only two of the studies reported improved academic achievement; however, several noted improvements in behavioral skills, such as increased academic motivation and improved work habits, which may indirectly impact achievement. The researchers found that older students the fifth- and seventh-graders spent more time studying harder items and performed better than the younger students. Practice homework, the most common type, is assigned to reinforce material presented in the classroom and to help students master individual skills. Interaction Homework can be further classified by level of interaction, or the social context in which it is completed; that is, independently, by a group of students, or with help from a parent, sibling, or other individual Cooper a.
For example, differences in students’ attention spans and study habits may account for differences in homework’s effects.
What research says about the value of homework: Research review
However, these types of homework are often studied independently. Journal of Advanced Academics, 22 2, In addition, students in schools that are identified as low performing and that have high percentages of students in poverty do less homework than students in more high-performing and high-SES schools Easton and Bennett She also noted that interactive assignments—those that require interacting with other students or with parents—and parent involvement were important factors in ensuring homework’s effectiveness.
Homework also has potentially negative associations, one involving students’ economic status. Van Voorhis examined the association between homework and science achievement in middle school grades. She found more time spent doing homework, more help from parents, and more requests for parent involvement from teachers were associated with lower achievement in reading and mathematics.
For example, Dufresne and Kobasigawa examined home study time among students in grades one, three, five, and seven and the students’ responses to test items asking them to pair words associated with each other.
What is the Purpose of Homework? – McREL International
Throughout the s and s, the majority of adults supported and endorsed homework for its character-building and academic benefits. Trautwein and Koller also say 20044 lack of longitudinal data and the fact that some of the studies are conducted by teachers themselves, rather than impartial researchers, may lead to overstating the effects of homework.
Interestingly, the amount of homework assigned by teachers was typically unrelated to student achievement; yet, as in his earlier findings, student reports of the amount of homework completed were positively associated with student achievement. Overall, a review of mainly correlational studies examining the amount of homework and its relation to achievement revealed encouraging findings.
The s saw a decline in the progressive education movement, coupled with a renewed interest in homework. Does homework help or hinder student learning—and which students, under what conditions, does it help or hinder? The studies discussed in this review cite both potentially positive and potentially negative effects on students, highlighting the difficulty in forming sound conclusions about the value of homework.
What is the Purpose of Homework?
The findings may be attributed to various circumstances, they say. For instance, of the eight coutst included in Cooper’s b meta-analysis of preparation and practice homework, only two studies examined the effects of both types.
Log In Sign Up. In addition, a study by Balli, Wedman, and Demo reported mixed reviews of the impact of parent involvement on student achievement. Specific types of homework can be very beneficial to students with learning disabilities, however.
Today, however, increased demands for accountability are being put on public education. Adding to this hypothesis, Cooper, Couttw, and Nye found that students whose parents were more involved in their homework had lower test scores and class grades. Teachers report assigning extension and integration homework far less frequently than practice and preparation homework Murphy and Decker Kralovec and Buell proposed that the public’s belief in the effectiveness of homework is based on three couyts myths: Van Voorhis examined the association between homework and science achievement in middle school grades.
This study cojtts structural equation modeling, a statistical technique for building and testing models of interacting among factors and outcomes.
For cotuts, Dufresne and Kobasigawa examined home study time among students in grades one, three, five, and seven and the students’ responses to test items asking them to pair words associated with each other. The new backlash against homework could be viewed as part of the natural cycle, or as a fresh perspective on how these strict accountability requirements affect students. Does the effect of homework vary with students’ age?
Trautwein and Koller also say that lack of longitudinal data and the fact that some of the studies are conducted by teachers themselves, rather than impartial researchers, may lead to overstating the effects of homework. This relationship held true across elementary, middle, and high school grade levels. This potential for impact has lent itself to numerous studies on the impact of parent involvement on homework, but research still provides foutts mixed reviews of just how much impact can be attributed to parent involvement.
Little or no research has been conducted on the effects of noninstructional homework. Click here to sign up.
20044 Does the effect of homework vary with students age? Peer interaction homework is assigned to more than one student in an effort to build and develop team-working skills.